Crop, Soil, & Environmental Management | Agricultural Sciences

Southern Illinois University

CONTACT

SIU.EDU

Crop, Soil, and Environmental Management

UNDERGRADUATE COURSES: CROP, SOIL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT [CSEM]

CSEM 200-3 Introduction to Crop Science. Production of important field crops of the world with greatest emphasis on U.S. and Midwestern field crops; crop production changes and adjustments, crop distribution over U.S., and crop groups and classifications, special agronomic problems, crop enemies, crop ecology, fertilizer and liming practices, tillage, crop improvement through breeding. Field trip (no cost).

CSEM 240-4 Soil Science. Basic and applied chemical, physical, and biological concepts in soils. The origin, classification and distribution of soils and their relationship to humans and plant growth. Lab fee<1>. Prerequisite: Chemistry 140b; geology suggested.

CSEM/HORT 257-1 to 10 Work Experience. Credit for on-campus work experience in the areas of plant and soil science, or credit through a cooperative program developed between the department and the Office of Student Work and Financial Assistance. Credit awarded based on 4 hours of work per week during the semester for each hour of credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Mandatory Pass/Fail.

CSEM 300-4 Field Crop Production. Principles of growth and production of field crops and their utilization. Laboratory demonstrating principles including research projects and modern production techniques. Prerequisite: an introductory crops course or consent of instructor.

CSEM 305-4 Plant Genetics. Principles of genetics and evolution of plants, elementary plant breeding, and the interaction between plant breeding and industry. Prerequisite: a course in biology or plant biology.

CSEM 347-3 Urban Soils. A study of the function, structure, and management of soils in urban environments. The emphasis of this class is on urban horticulture: turf, urban forests, and landscape plants in urban settings. The course will focus on the understanding and implementation of basic soil concepts, with an emphasis on sustainability and management of urban soils to minimize maintenance and maximize its utility. Special approval needed from the department. Lab fee: $80.

CSEM/HORT 359-1 to 6 Intern Program. Supervised work experience program in either an agricultural agency of the government or agri-business. Prerequisite: junior standing and approval of department. Mandatory Pass/Fail.

CSEM 370-3 Agroecology-Sustainable Agricultural Systems. An introduction to the biotic, natural resource, environmental, social and economic implications and requirements of sustainable agriculture. Prerequisite: an introductory course in plants, animals, soils, or biology or consent of the instructor.

CSEM/HORT 381-1 to 2 (1,1) Plant and Soil Science Seminar. Discussion of special topics and/or problems in the various areas of plant and soil science. Prerequisite: Speech Communication 101 and junior standing.

CSEM/HORT 390-1 to 8 Special Studies in Plant and Soil Science. Assignments involving research and individual problems. Prerequisite: consent of school director.

CSEM/HORT 391-1 to 4 Honors in Plant and Soil Science. Independent undergraduate research sufficiently important to three hours per week of productive effort for each credit hour. Prerequisite: junior standing, gpa of 3.0 with a 3.25 in the major, and consent of department chair.

CSEM 400-2 Trends in Agronomy. A discussion session format will be employed as a means of acquainting students with recent literature and allowing them to remain current with latest developments in their area of specialty. Prerequisite: senior standing.

CSEM 401-2 Agricultural Plant Pathology. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 401) A study of micro- and macro organisms and environmental factors that cause disease in plants of agricultural importance; of the mechanisms by which these factors induce disease in plants; and of the methods for managing diseases and reducing the damage they cause. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 200 or equivalent; Plant Biology 320 or Plant and Soil Science/Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 409 or equivalent recommended.

CSEM 403A-2 Field Crops Diseases. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 403a) A survey of major diseases of important field crops in the United States. Disease identification, cycles, and management strategies will be addressed. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in, or prior completion of, 401 or equivalent.

CSEM 405-3 Plant Breeding. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 405) Principles of plant breeding emphasized together with their application to the practical breeding of agronomic, horticultural, and forest plants. Field trip fee<1>. Prerequisite: 305 or equivalent.

CSEM 408-3 World Crop Production Problems. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 408) Ecological and physiological factors influencing production in various areas of the world. Natural limitations on world crop production. Non-agricultural factors influence world crop output. Prerequisite: 200.

CSEM 409-3 Crop Physiology. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 409) Principles of basic plant physiology. Topics include cell structure, photosynthesis, respiration, water and mineral relations, vascular transport and plant growth regulators. Course fee<1>. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 200 and a course in organic chemistry.

CSEM 419-3 Plant Molecular Biology. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 419, Plant Biology 419) A survey of molecular phenomena unique to plant systems. Topics will include: genome organization and synteny between plant genomes, transcriptional and post-transcriptional control of gene expression, signal transduction, epigenetics, plant-pathogen interactions and responses to biotic- and abiotic-stresses. Prerequisite: junior standing and Biology 305, or Plant and Soil Science 305.

CSEM 420-4 Crop Pest Control. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 420) Study of field pests of forest; orchard, field, and garden crops; pest control principles and methods; control strategy; and consequences of pest control operations. Prerequisite: introductory biology or crop science course and/or consent of instructor.

CSEM 425-4 Environmental Physiology of Plants. (Same as Plant Biology 425; Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 425) The environmental physiology of plants focuses on the 1) influence of abiotic factors (e.g., light, water, temperature, nutrients, pollutants) on growth, development, and yield; 2) mechanisms by which plants respond to these abiotic factors; 3) use of biotechnology to increase abiotic stress tolerance in model and crop plants. Prerequisite: PLB 320 or CSEM 409. A $35 laboratory fee will be assessed.

CSEM 426-4 Genomics and Bioinformatics. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 426, Plant Biology 426) This course is designed to introduce students from a variety of backgrounds and departments to the scope and methodology of genomic and bioinformatic sciences. Real problems and solutions from genome data analysis are studied in this course to see how high throughput genomics is driving bioinformatics, and changing the biological sciences in revolutionary way. Prerequisite: consent.

CSEM 427-5 Plant Biochemistry. (Same as Plant Biology 427 and Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 427) Primary and intermediary metabolism. Exploration of fundamental biochemical pathways in plants with an emphasis upon carbon and nitrogen metabolism. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 320 or consent of instructor.

CSEM 433-4 Introduction to Agricultural Biotechnology. (Same as Animal Science 433.)(Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 433, Plant Biology 433) This course will cover the basic principles of plant and animal biotechnology using current examples; gene mapping in breeding, transgenic approaches to improve crop plants and transgenic approaches to improve animals will be considered. Technology transfer from laboratory to marketplace will be considered. An understanding of gene mapping, cloning, transfer and expression will be derived. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: senior standing or consent of instructor.

CSEM 435-1 to 4 Agricultural Molecular Biotechnology Seminar. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 435) Molecular biology is rapidly making important contributions to agricultural science through biotechnology. An appreciation of the techniques of molecular biology and their application to plant improvement is important to all in agriculture and biology. The relationships between plant molecular biology and the biotechnology industry will be discussed. Presentations on particular research problems will be made. Graded P/F. Not for graduate credit.

CSEM 438-3 Techniques in Plant Molecular Biology. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 438) Students will gain hands-on experience with current molecular techniques being applied to questions in the plant sciences. These include isozyme electrophoresis, DNA and RNA extraction, restriction endonuclease digestions, Northern blotting, Southern blotting, PCR (polymerase chain reaction), gene cloning and DNA sequencing. Students will also gain some exposure to the use of computers in manipulating and analyzing molecular data. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: either Biology 200b or Plant Biology 200 and junior standing.

CSEM 441-3 Soil Morphology and Classification. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 441) Development, characteristics, and identification of soils, study of profiles; and interpretation and utilization of soil survey information in land use planning. Field trip fee<1>. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 or consent of instructor.

CSEM 442-3 Soil Physics. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 442) A study of the physical properties of soils with special emphasis on soil and water relationships, soil productivity, and methods of physical analysis. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240.

CSEM 443-3 Soil Management. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 443) The soil as a substrate for plant growth. Properties of the soil important in supplying the necessary mineral nutrients, water and oxygen and for providing an environment conducive to plant root system elaboration. Soil management techniques important in optimizing plant growth. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240.

CSEM 445-3 Irrigation Principles and Practices. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 445) This course will cover basic principles of irrigation sciences; water requirements of crops; soil water relationship; water application methods including flooding, sprinkler, and drip (or trickle) systems; water conveyance, distribution and measurement; evaluation of irrigation efficiency; and irrigation scheduling. Considerations will also include crop production effects and economic aspects of irrigation. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 or consent of instructor.

CSEM 446-3 Soil and Water Conservation. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 446) Covers the principles of hydrologic processes and soil erosion. Consideration will be given to the occurrence of soil erosion as it affects humans, food production, and the environment. The methods and technologies for protecting against and controlling of erosion will also be discussed. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 and Mathematics 108 or 125. or consent of instructor.

CSEM 447-3 Fertilizers and Soil Fertility. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 447) Recent trends in fertilizer use and the implications of soil fertility build up to sufficiency and/or toxicity levels; the behavior of fertilizer material in soils and factors important in ultimate plant uptake of the nutrients; the plant essential elements in soils and ways of assessing their needs and additions; tailoring fertilizer for different uses and management systems; implication of excessive fertilization in our environment. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240, concurrent enrollment in 448 suggested.

CSEM 448-2 Soil Fertility Evaluation. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 448) A laboratory course designed to acquaint one with practical soil testing and plant analysis methods useful in evaluating soil fertility and plant needs. One hour lecture, two hours laboratory. Lab fee<1>. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240; 447 or concurrent enrollment; or consent of instructor.

CSEM 454-4 Soil Microbiology. (Same as Microbiology 454.)(Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 454) A study of microbial numbers, characteristics and biochemical activities of soil microorganisms with emphasis on transformations of organic compounds, nitrogen phosphorus, sulfur, iron, and plant essential nutrients. Lab fee<1>. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 or Microbiology 301.

CSEM 455-3 Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. The molecular basis of host-pathogen interactions and disease development in plants is examined with a critical review of original and current literature focusing on the mechanisms of pathogenesis, virulence, disease development and resistance, and response mechanisms in plants. Prerequisite: Plant and Soil Science/Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 401, 433 or consent of instructor

CSEM 468-3 Weeds - Their Control. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 468) Losses due to weeds, weed identification and distribution, methods of weed dissemination and reproduction, mechanical, biological, and chemical control of weeds. State and Federal legislation pertaining to weed control herbicides. Herbicide commercialization. Field trips fee<1>. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: an introductory biology course.

  • <1> Note: Course fees associated with course. Consult current Undergraduate Course Catalog for exact amounts.
  • <2> Note: Some classes may be offered in only the fall or spring semester, please check with your academic advisor before making your schedule.

GRADUATE COURSES: PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCE [PSAS]

PSAS 400-2 Trends in Agronomy. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 400.) A discussion session format will be employed as a means of acquainting students with recent literature and allowing them to remain current with latest developments in their area of specialty. Prerequisite: senior standing.

PSAS 401-2 Agricultural Plant Pathology. A study of macro and micro-organisms and environmental factors that cause disease in plants of agricultural importance; of the mechanisms by which these factors induce disease in plants; and of the methods for managing diseases and reduce the damage they cause. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 200 or equivalent; Plant Biology 320 or and Plant Soil Science/Plant, Soil General Agriculture 409 recommended.

PSAS 402-1 to 12 (1 to 6 per topic) Problems in Agricultural Education and Technology. (Same as Agricultural Systems 402.) (a) Agriculture education, (b) agriculture technologies. Designed to improve the techniques of agricultural education and mechanization workers through discussion, assignment and special workshops on problems related to their field. Emphasis will be placed on new innovative and currently developed techniques for the field. A limit of six hours will be counted toward graduation in Master's degree program. Prerequisite: consent of chair.

PSAS 403A-2 Field Crop Diseases. A survey of major diseases of important field crops in the United States. Disease identification, cycles, and management strategies will be addressed. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in, or prior completion of 401 or equivalent.

PSAS 403B-2 Horticultural Crop Diseases. A survey of major diseases of important horticultural crops in the United States. Disease identification, cycles, and management strategies will be addressed. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in, or prior completion of 401 or equivalent.

PSAS 403C-1 Turfgrass Diseases. A survey of major diseases of important turfgrasses in the United States. Disease identification, cycles, and management strategies will be addressed. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in, or prior completion of 401 or equivalent.

PSAS 403D-1 Tree Diseases. A survey of major diseases of important tree species in the United States. Disease identification, cycles, and management strategies will be addressed. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in, or prior completion of 401 or equivalent.

PSAS 405-3 Plant Breeding. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 405.) Principles of plant breeding emphasized together with their application to the practical breeding of agronomic, horticultural and forest plants. Field trip costs approximately $10. Prerequisite: 305 or equivalent.

PSAS 408-3 World Crop Production Problems. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 408.) Ecological and physiological factors influencing production in various areas of the world. Natural limitations on world crop production. Non-agricultural factors influence world crop output. Prerequisite: 200.

PSAS 409-3 Crop Physiology. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 409.) Principles of basic plant physiology. Topics include cell structure, photosynthesis, respiration, water and mineral relations, vascular transport, and plant growth regulators. Course fee: $50. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 200 and a course in organic chemistry.

PSAS 411-3 Human Resource Development Programs in Agriculture. (Same as Agricultural Systems 411.) Principles and procedures of human resource development (HRD) programs in agriculture with emphasis on program determination and methods. Prerequisite: junior standing.

PSAS 412-3 Methods of Agriculture Mechanization. (Same as Agricultural Systems 412.) Theory and use of educational materials and devices adaptable to the needs and interests of educators involved in agricultural mechanization lab-oratories. There is a $15 laboratory fee for this course.

PSAS 414-3 Adult Education Procedures, Methods and Techniques. (Same as Agricultural Systems 414.) Determining adult education needs and interests of the community. Securing and organizing the information needed for adult education programs and planning teaching activities.

PSAS 415-3 Beginning Teacher Seminar. (Same as Agricultural Systems 415.) The application in the professional field setting, of principles and philosophies of the education system. Includes application of principles of curricula construction, programming student and community needs. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

PSAS 418-3 Applications of Integrated Software/Agriculture. (Same as Workforce Education and Development 409.) (Same as Agricultural Systems 418.) Design of agricultural or educational applications of integrated software. Spreadsheet, database, word processing, graphic and communications software will be applied to the solution of agriultural problems. Individual student projects will be the focus of the applied nature of the class. Prerequisite: junior standing or consent of instructor.

PSAS 419-3 Forage Crop Management. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 419.) Forage crop production and utilization; forage crop characteristics, breeding, and ecology; grasslands as related to animal production, soil conservation, crop rotation and land use. Field trip costs approximately $5. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 200 or one course in biology or equivalent.

PSAS 420-4 Crop Pest Control. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 420.) Study of field pests of forest; orchard, field and garden crops; pest control principles and methods; control strategy; and consequences of pest control operations. Prerequisite: introductory biology or crop science course and/or consent of department.

PSAS 421-3 Turf Management Issues and Strategies. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 421) Issues in environmental, technical, management, social, political, business, and sports arenas that interact with turf management. Students will utilize periodicals and other references for preparing papers addressing these issues. Laboratory fee: $25. Prerequisite: Plant and Soil Science 322 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

PSAS 422-3 Turf Science and Professional Management. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 422.) Basic concepts of physiology, growth, and nutrition of turfgrasses and their culture. Application of turfgrass science to management of special turf areas such as golf course, athletic fields, and sod farms; and to the turfgrass industry. A fee of $50 is assessed to pay for guest speaker expenses, laboratory materials, and field trips.

PSAS 423-3 Greenhouse Management. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 423.) Principles of greenhouse management controlling environmental factors influencing plant growth; greenhouses and related structures; and greenhouse heating and cooling systems. Laboratory fee: $40. Prerequisite: 220 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 424-4 Floriculture. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 424.) Production, timing and marketing of the major floricultural crops grown in the commercial greenhouse. Each student will have an assigned project. Laboratory fee: $40. Prerequisite: 423 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 425-5 Advanced Plant Physiology. (Same as Plant Biology 425 and Plant and Soil Science 425) Physics of plants, membrane phenomena; water relations; mineral nutrition. Prerequisite: 320 and consent of instructor.

PSAS 426-4 Genomic and Bioinformatics. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 426.) The course is designed to introduce students from a variety of backgrounds and departments to the scope and methodology of genomic and bioinformatic sciences. Real problems and solutions from genome data analysis are studied in this course to see how high throughput genomics is driving bioinformatics, and changing the biological sciences in revolutionary ways. Prerequisite: One course in the principles of genetics and consent of instructor.

PSAS 427-5 Plant Biochemistry. (Same as Plant Biology 427 and Plant and Soil Science 427.) Primary and intermediary metabolism. Exploration of fundamental biochemistry pathways in plants with an emphasis upon carbon and nitrogen metabolism. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 320 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 428-3 Advanced Landscape Design 1. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 428.) Development of the design process, graphics and verbal communication of landscape projects. Emphasis on large-scale projects and residential design. Laboratory fee: $25. Prerequisite: 328 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 429-3 Advanced Landscape Design II. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 429.) Development of the design process, graphics and verbal communication of landscape projects. Emphasis on construction details, color rendering and portfolio development. Laboratory fee: $25. Prerequisite: 328 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 430-4 Plant Propagation. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 430.) Fundamental principles of asexual and sexual propagation of horticultural plants. Actual work with seeds, cuttings, grafts and other methods of propagation. Field trip costs approximately: $5. Lab fee: $40. Prerequisite: 220.

PSAS 431-4 Landscape Construction. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 431.) An introduction course in the basic elements of landscape construction dealing with wood, concrete, masonry and stone. Emphasis will be placed on safety, construction interpretation of construction drawings, specifications for specific structures, materials selection, cost estimation, site preparation, and construction techniques. Laboratory fee: $170. Prerequisite: 220.

PSAS 432-4 Garden Center and Nursery Management. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 432.) Principles and practices in both field and container production or ornamental landscape materials and the marketing of landscape plant materials at the nursery and retail garden center. Business management of both nurseries and garden centers will be included. Laboratory fee: $50. Prerequisite: Plant and Soil Science 220 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 433-4 Introduction to Agricultural Biotechnology. (Same as Animal Science 433.) (Same as Plant and Soil Science 433.) This course will cover the basic principles of plant and animal biotechnology using current examples; gene mapping in breeding, transgenic approaches to improve crop plants and transgenic approaches to improve animals will be considered. Technology transfer from laboratory to marketplace will be considered. An understanding of gene mapping, cloning, transfer and expression will be derived. Prerequisite: Senior standing or consent of instructor.

PSAS 434-3 Woody Plant Maintenance. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 434.) Care and management of ornamental shrubs and trees commonly used in the landscape. Topics to include trimming, pruning, fertilization, transplanting and diagnosis of woody plant problems. Prerequisite: 327 or Forestry 202 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 435-1 to 4 Agricultural Molecular Biotechnology Seminar. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 435.) Molecular Biology is rapidly making important contributions to agricultural science through biotechnology. An appreciation of the techniques of molecular biology and their application to plant improvement is important to all in agriculture and biology. The relationships between plant molecular biology and the biotechnology industry will be discussed. Presentations on particular research problems will be made. Graded S/U only.

PSAS 436-4 Successful Fruit Growing. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 436.) Learn how to grow and use temperate fruit trees for your pleasure and/or economic benefit. Learn to use the basic principles of plant-environment interaction to understand and solve common problems found in the culture of tree fruit crops in the landscape, garden or orchard. Master the secrets of fruit growing through emphasis on hands-on experiential laboratories. Focus on Midwest culture of tree fruit and nut crops. One-day field trip. Required textbooks mandatory. Laboratory fee: $135. Prerequisite: Plant and Soil Science 220 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 437-4 Vegetable Production. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 437.) Culture, harvesting, and marketing of vegetables; with morphological and physiological factors as they influence the crops. Laboratory fee: $25. Prerequisite: Plant and Soil Science 220 or consent of department.

PSAS 438-3 Techniques in Plant Molecular Biology. Student will gain hands-on experience with current molecular techniques being applied to questions in the plant sciences. These include isozyme electrophoresis, DNA and RNA extraction, restriction endonuclease digestions, Northern blotting, Southern blotting, PCR (polymerase chain reaction), gene cloning and DNA sequencing. Student will also gain some exposure to the use of computers in manipulating and analyzing molecular data. Prerequisite: either Biology 200b or Plant Biology 200 and junior standing.

PSAS 441-3 Soil Morphology and Classification. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 441.) Development, characteristics, and identification of soils, study of profiles; and interpretation and utilization of soil survey information in land use planning. Field trip costing approximately $5. Prerequisite: 240 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 442-3 Soil Physics. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 442.) A study of the physical properties of soils with special emphasis on soil and water relationships, soil productivity and methods of physical analysis. Prerequisite: 240.

PSAS 443-3 Soil Management. (Same as Plant and Soil Science 443.) The soil as a substrate for plant growth. Properties of the soil important in supplying the necessary mineral nutrients, water and oxygen and for providing an environment conducive to plant root system elaboration. Soil management techniques that are important in optimizing plant growth. Prerequisite: 240.

PSAS 445-3 Irrigation Principles and Practices. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 445) This course will cover basic principles of irrigation sciences; water requirements of crops; soil water relationship; water application methods including flooding, sprinkler, and drip (or trickle) systems; water conveyance, distribution and measurement; evaluation of irrigation efficiency; and irrigation scheduling. Considerations will also include crop production effects and economic aspects of irrigation. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 446-3 Soil and Water Conservation. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 446) Covers the principles of hydrologic processes and soil erosion. Consideration will be given to the occurrence of soil erosion as it affects humans, food production, and the environment. The methods and technologies for protecting against and controlling of erosion will also be discussed. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 and Mathematics 108 or 125. or consent of instructor.

PSAS 447-3 Fertilizers and Soil Fertility. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 447) Recent trends in fertilizer use and the implications of soil fertility build up to sufficiency and/or toxicity levels; the behavior of fertilizer material in soils and factors important in ultimate plant uptake of the nutrients; the plant essential elements in soils and ways of assessing their needs and additions; tailoring fertilizer for different uses and management systems; implication of excessive fertilization in our environment. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240, concurrent enrollment in 448 suggested.

PSAS 448-2 Soil Fertility Evaluation. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 448) A laboratory course designed to acquaint one with practical soil testing and plant analysis methods useful in evaluating soil fertility and plant needs. One hour lecture, two hours laboratory. Lab fee: $15. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240; 447 or concurrent enrollment; or consent of instructor.

PSAS 454-4 Soil Microbiology. (Same as Microbiology 454.)(Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 454) A study of microbial numbers, characteristics and biochemical activities of soil microorganisms with emphasis on transformations of organic compounds, nitrogen phosphorus, sulfur, iron, and plant essential nutrients. Lab fee: $15. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240 or Microbiology 301.

PSAS 455-3 Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. The molecular basis of host-pathogen interactions and disease development in plants is examined with a critical review of original and current literature focusing on the mechanisms of pathogenesis, virulence, disease development and resistance, and response mechanisms in plants. Prerequisite: Plant and Soil Science/Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 401, 433 or consent of instructor

PSAS 466-4 Vine and Small Fruit Culture. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 466) Study of the developmental patterns and environmental responses of important vine and small fruit crops; strawberries, brambles, blueberries, grapes and exotic crops. Learn to adapt these crops to profitable culture for the amateur or professional with a Midwest focus. Practical hands-on experience in the classroom and the field. Two one-day field trips required. Required textbooks mandatory. Lab fee: $150. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 220 or 435 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 468-3 Weeds - Their Control. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 468) Losses due to weeds, weed identification and distribution, methods of weed dissemination and reproduction, mechanical, biological, and chemical control of weeds. State and Federal legislation pertaining to weed control herbicides. Herbicide commercialization. Field trips costing approximately $5. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: an introductory biology course.

PSAS 470-2 Post Harvest Handling of Horticultural Commodities. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 470) Fundamental principles of post harvest physiology, handling, and evaluation of horticultural commodities will be covered. Specific details will be given on vegetable, fruit, ornamental, and floricultural commodities. Field trip costing approximately $30. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 220 and Plant Biology 320.

PSAS 475-4 Golf Course Green Installation and Maintenance. (Same as Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems 475) This course will focus on the requirements, installation, care and maintenance of the rooting media of golf course putting green and turfgrass on disturbed soils. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: 240.

PSAS 500-3 Agricultural Systems Research Methodology. Research methodology for agricultural education and agricultural systems technology including defining research problems, preparing project proposals and sources of data. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

PSAS 501-43 Recent Research in Agricultural Education. A study of recent research and development in agricultural education. The course includes an analysis of regional and national scholarly publications, procedures and products. Prerequisite: graduate status and consent of instructor.

PSAS 518-3 Principles of Herbicide Action. Chemistry and mode of action of herbicides. Nature of herbicidal action. Illustrates the various types of chemical weed control procedures in current use. The physiology of herbicidal action examined using the different mechanisms established for various chemical groups of herbicides. Prerequisite: 468, Plant Biology 320.

PSAS 520-3 Growth and Development of Plants. Physiological control of developmental processes. Emphasis on exogenous growth-regulating compounds and their behavior in plants. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 320 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 524-2 Advanced Plant Genetics. (Same as Plant Biology 524.) Prerequisite: Biology 305 or equivalent.

PSAS 525-3 Program Development in Agricultural Education. Analysis and appraisal of current trends in agricultural education program development. Attention is given to implications for educators at the high school, post secondary and in extension education positions. Offered each year, alternating spring and summer semesters.

PSAS 526-4 Cytogenetics. (Same as Plant Biology 526.) Prerequisite: Biology 306 or equivalent.

PSAS 527-3 Professional Development in Agricultural Education. Recent developments and trends in agricultural education are presented for review and discussion. The role of the agricultural instructor in determining educational priorities is emphasized. Offered each year, alternating fall and summer semesters.

PSAS 530-3 Plant Ecophysiology. A study of the physiological processes that influence the growth reproduction, adaptation, and geographic distribution of plants. The ecophysiology of plant stress and interactions. Prerequisite: Plant Biology 320 or equivalent and Biology 307 or equivalent.

PSAS 531- 3 International Agricultural Systems. (Same as Agricultural Systems 431) Introduction to world agriculture, forming systems, world crops, agriculture trade, and food production and processing. Influence of population and climate. Ethical issues surrounding rain forests, global agriculture, finance, world trade, crops and livestock, and the environment. Appropriate technologies and their social and economic impact on developing countries.

PSAS 547-2 Soils and Environmental Quality. A study of the interaction between plants and soil-water, and their affects in soil and water pollution. Reactions and processes governing the solubility and mobility of metals, organic compounds and nutrients in soil, sustainable management practices, and soil/water resource remediation in providing environmental quality will be discussed.

PSAS 551-4 Plant Nematology. This course will provide an understanding of plant parasitic nematode anatomy and morphology, identification, life cycles, and management strategies. Emphasis will be placed on practical or applied aspects of information presented. Prerequisite: 401 or Plant and Soil Science 401 or consent of instructor.

PSAS 560-5 (3,2) Field Plot Technique. (a) Design of field plot and greenhouse experiments including appropriate statistical analyses for each of the designs. Data interpretation. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (b) Each of the designs discussed in (a) will be illustrated with a type problem and solved by computer processes using primarily MINITAB and SAS software programs. Prerequisite: 560a or concurrent enrollment or consent of instructor.

PSAS 570-4 Genomics of Eukaryotes. (Same as Plant Biology 571.) Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics are rapidly making important contributions to the life sciences through biotechnology. An appreciation of the genomic tools is important to all in agriculture and biology. The relationships between plant molecular biology and the biotechnology industry will be explored. Short independent practical projects in genomics, proteomics or bioinformatics will be pursued. Prerequisite: graduate standing or consent of instructor, 400-level course in genetics, biotechnology.

PSAS 572-3 Current Research in Agricultural Systems. A study and analysis of current problems, research findings and innovations in agricultural systems. Technical reports and journal articles will be discussed and analyzed. Students will select articles related to their own research interests and begin writing a thesis or research proposal. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

PSAS 575-3 Introduction to Agricultural Systems. Agricultural systems are studied from a manager's perspective as a specified group of components, operational functions and processes that are integrated to accomplish a designated, well-defined purpose. Topics include planning, evaluating, and adjusting systems using strategies to maximize productivity with consideration for: reliability, manpower, scheduling, economy, packaging, human and animal factors and decision systems. Agricultural systems are studied in the context of a field production, manufacturing and processing, technical sales and marketing and technical communications. Laboratory fee $10.

PSAS 581-1 to 4 (1,1,1,1) Seminar. Individual presentations on subjects and problems relating to soils, field and horticultural crops, education, information, and technologies and other phases of plant, soil and general agriculture. Graded S/U only.

PSAS 582-6 (2,2,2) Colloquium in Plant and Soil Science. Recent developments and trends in specialized areas of plant and soil science will be discussed in (a) Genetics and plant breeding, (b) Research methods, (c) Physiology and ecology.

PSAS 588-1 to 8 International Graduate Studies. Residential graduate study programs abroad. Approval of department required both for the nature of program and number of hours of credit. Prerequisite: consent of department chair. Graded S/U only.

PSAS 590-1 to 4 Readings. Contemporary books and periodicals on selected subjects within the fields of plant, soil and agricultural systems. Prerequisite: consent of department.

PSAS 592-1 to 3 Special Problems. Directed study of specialized areas of crop production, horticulture, soils or agricultural systems depending on the program of the student. Discussion, seminars, readings and instruction in research techniques. Prerequisite: consent of department.

PSAS 593-1 to 6 Individual Research. Directed research on approved projects investigating selected fields of plant, soil and agricultural systems. Prerequisite: consent of department.

PSAS 595-1 to 4 Agricultural Occupation Internship. Prepares coordinators to fulfill their responsibilities in selected areas in agricultural related occupations through an internship in the area of specialization and through orientation to related technical information. Prerequisite: consent of department.

PSAS 599-1 to 6 Thesis. At least three hours of thesis credit is required for the Master's degree under the thesis option. Prerequisite: consent of department.

PSAS 601-1 per semester Continuing Enrollment. For those graduate students who have not finished their degree programs and who are in the process of working on their dissertation, thesis or research paper. The student must have completed a minimum of 24 hours of dissertation research, or the minimum thesis, or research hours before being eligible to register for this course. Concurrent enrollment in any other course is not permitted. Graded S/U or DEF only.

  • <1> Note: Course fees associated with course. Consult current Graduate Course Catalog for exact amounts.
  • <2> Note: Some classes may be offered in only the fall or spring semester, please check with your academic advisor before making your schedule.